- Causative Agent
- Francisella tularensis
- Type of Organism
- Bacterial Species
- Length of Attachment for Transmission
- Symptoms can range from mild to life threatening.
- There are many ways Tularemia can present in an infected person. All forms of this disease will include a high fever.
- An ulcerglandular infection characterized by a skin ulcer at the site of tick attachment and swelling of lymph nodes near the site of attachment may occur.
- A glandular infection is also possible which involved swelling of the lymph nodes closes to the site of tick attachment but without the skin ulcer.
Diagnosis and Testing
Skin biopsy or secretion can be visualized under a microscope using a gram stain or fluorescently labelled antibodies to identify the presence of Francisella tularensis.
CDC Treatment Recommendation
- Adults: Streptomycin, 1g IM- 2x daily; Gentamicin, 5 mg/kg IM or IV once a day
- Children: Streptomycin, 15 mg/kg IM-2x daily; Gentamicin, 2.5 mg/kg IM or IV- 3x daily
Once in the host, Francisella tularensis will replicate at the site of infection causing inflammation where the tick bite occurred. The inflammation will eventually lead to the formation of an ulcer.
The bacteria will then migrate to local lymph nodes causing inflammation.
Once in the host, Francisella tularensiswill move to the lymph nodes without causing inflammation at the tick bite location.
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